knee replacement in Vizag

Knee Arthroplasty

Knee alternative, also referred to as knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged through arthritis. Metal and plastic parts are used to cap the ends of the bones that shape the knee joint, along with the kneecap. This surgical procedure may be considered for a person who has severe arthritis or intense knee injury. Dr. Naveen Palla is an experienced arthroplasty surgeon in Vizag/Visakhapatnam who does total knee replacement surgery.

Knee replacement surgery in Vizag is suggested to patients who have got severely worn out knee joints because of old age which is called degenerative osteoarthritis or primary arthritis. Other causes of secondary arthritis include inflammatory arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis or secondary to traumatic damage to knee joint. Early stages of arthritis are treated with medication, exercises and lifestyle modifications. When the arthritis is in late stage and a person is not able to do his or her daily activities, then knee replacement is suggested by your doctor. Dr. Naveen Palla is a good joint replacement specialist or Joint replacement surgeon in vizag with excellent outcomes.

Post surgery of knee replacement the patients will be able to do all their daily activities like walking, climbing stairs, even cycling and driving vehicles etc. The only restrictions will be to avoid squatting as in Indian toilet and avoid sitting on floor.

Anatomy of the knee

Joints are the regions in which 2 or extra bones meet. Most joints are cellular, permitting the bones to move. Basically, the knee is 2 lengthy leg bones held collectively via muscle tissue, ligaments, and tendons. Each bone end is covered with a layer of cartilage that absorbs shock and protects the knee. Get the best arthroplasty surgery in vizag.

There are 2 muscle groups concerned with the knee, which include the quadriceps muscle mass (located at the front of the thighs), which straighten the legs, and the hamstring muscle groups (positioned on the lower back of the thighs), which bend the leg on the knee.

Tendons are tough cords of connective tissue that connect muscles to bones. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. Some ligaments of the knee provide balance and safety of the joints, while other ligaments restriction forward and backward motion of the tibia (shin bone).

Pre Operation

2nd Day Of Post Operation

Follow Up After The Surgery

The knee consists of the following:

  • Tibia: This is the shin bone or large bone of the lower leg.
  • Femur: This is the thighbone or upper leg bone.
  • Patella: This is the kneecap.
  • Cartilage: A type of tissue that covers the end of a bone at a joint. Cartilage helps lessen the friction of movement within a joint.
  • Synovial membrane: A tissue that lines the joint and seals it into a joint capsule. The synovial membrane secretes synovial fluid (a clear, sticky fluid) around the joint to lubricate it.
  • Ligament: A kind of tough, elastic connective tissue that surrounds the joint to present assist and maximum of the joint's motion.
  • Tendon: A type of strong connective tissue that connects muscle to bones and helps to manipulate movement of the joint.
  • Meniscus: A curved c-shaped fibrocartilage inside the knees joint that acts as a shock absorber, will increase contact area and deepens the knee joint.

Reasons for the process

Knee replacement surgical treatment by arthroplasty surgeon is a remedy for pain and incapacity inside the knee. The most common condition that shows the need for knee replacement surgical procedure is osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is characterized by breakdown and degeneration of joint cartilage. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movements, might be the reason for pain. People with severe degenerative joint problem will not be able to do ordinary activities that include bending at the knee, walking or climbing stairs, due to the fact that they're painful. The knee may also swell and lead to pain and preventing bending of the knee.

Other forms of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from knee damage might also cause degeneration of the knee joint. In addition, fractures, torn cartilage, and/or torn ligaments may also result in irreversible harm to the knee joint.

Some medical treatments for degenerative joint disorder can also consist of, but aren't restricted to, the subsequent:

  • Anti-inflammatory medicinal drugs.
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.
  • Pain medications.
  • Limiting painful activities.
  • Assistive devices for walking (including a cane).
  • Physical therapy.
  • Cortisone injections into the knee joint.
  • Viscosupplementation injections (to feature lubrication into the joint to make joint motion much less painful).
  • Weight loss (for obese persons).

There may be other reasons for your doctor to propose a knee alternative surgical treatment.