A fracture is a condition which changes the
outline in the bone. Diagnosis is done by physical examination by
recognizing the patient’s signs and symptoms.
First Aid Treatment
The following steps have to be undertaken if the
person is suspected to have a fracture.
Avoid unnecessary movement that can arise out of fear and
Closely look and examine the patient of other injuries and make
a call for medical help. Then hand over the patient for further
Any break in the surface of the skin can be rinsed to take out
visible dirt or other contamination. Therefore, avoid scrubbing
the wound or vigorous flushing.
Immobilization can be done to broken bone with splint or
string. Usage of newspaper rolls or strips of wood can be done.
It is necessary to immobilize the portion both above and below
the injured bone.
Application of Ice packs to minimize the pain and swelling.
How is a bone fracture treated?
Cast Immobilization Depending on the fracture union, cast is
applied for minimum of 8 weeks once the broken bones are
Traction Alignment of the bones is done either in the form of
skin or skeletal traction.
External Fixation Pins are positioned into the broken bone
above or below fracture area. These pins are attached to a metal
bars in the outer portion of the skin. It is applied when the
skin and other
soft tissues around the fracture are badly damaged, until
definitive surgery is planned.
Closed Reduction and Internal Fixation – Without opening the
fracture site, Fractures are manipulated and aligned. They are
then fixed them with intramedullary nails, screws & wires.
Open Reduction and Internal Fixation –By opening the fracture
site, Fractures are manipulated and aligned and fixed with
plates and screws, wires.